Types of Steel PipesSteel pipe is a type of pipe that is quite popular among the general public. To make it easier for you to know the types of pipes, here's the discussion:1. Carbon Steel PipeCarbon steel pipe is a type of pipe that is compositionally composed of a combination of iron and carbon. The carbon content of carbon steel pipe is usually less than 1.7%. In addition to the carbon content, this type of pipe also contains less than 1.65% manganese, aluminum, and silicon. In addition, this type of pipe also contains contaminants such as oxygen (O), sulfur (S), nitrogen (N), and there is no minimum limit specified for elements such as Cr, Ni, Al, Co, Mo, Ni.
Currently, there are 3 types of carbon steel pipes, namely:
a. LCS (low carbon steel). This type of pipe has a carbon content below 0.25%
b. MCS (medium carbon steel). This type of pipe contains 0.25%-0.6% carbon content
c. HCS (high carbon steel). This type of pipe contains 0.6%-1.4% carbon content.
The difference in carbon content in the pipe can cause differences in the toughness and hardness of the pipe. Generally, carbon steel pipes are used in power generation or energy generation industries. In addition to the electricity industry, this type of pipe is also commonly used in the hydrocarbon industry, chemical industry, and various other industries that use fluids with high temperatures and pressures. One of these types of steel pipe that you can use is the Nippon steel pipe.2. Alloy Steel Pipe (Allow Steel)The next type of steel pipe is alloy steel. This type of pipe is made of various elements of material. Of course, these materials have a variety of very varied functions. To make it easier for you, here are various materials, and their functions:
a. Carbon, is used as an increase in strength (yield and ultimate) and pipe rigidity.
b. Silicon, used as a deoxidizer, is able to capture dissolved oxygen, avoid porosity, and increase castability.
c. Manganese, serves as a mixture to increase the durability of pipes.
d. Chrome material, serves to increase the resistance of the pipe to abrasion. As well as providing resistance to wear and high temperatures. Usually a mixture of chromium above 11.5% can produce a more stable oxide layer.
e. Molybdenum, serves to increase the resistance of steel to extreme temperatures.
f. Nickel, is used as a material in steel which serves to improve the gas properties of steel pipes. Nickel alloys above 7% can result in the atomic structure of the steel becoming austenite at room temperature.
g. Aluminum, aluminum is a material that functions to increase the deoxidation process after being mixed with silicon material.
h. Copper is a material that is mixed in pipes that functions as an anti-rust material in pipes.
i. Vanadium, is a mixture in pipes that is used to improve the mechanical properties of pipes. In addition, vanadium can also increase the resistance of pipes to hydrogenation at high temperatures.
Mixed pipe types are commonly used in industries that involve fairly high temperatures. Such as heat exchangers, furnace tubes, power plants, to the type of chemical reactor industry. In addition, the use of mixed pipes is also often used in industry with fluid properties that tend to be similar.
That's an in-depth discussion of pipes and their advantages in using them, and their types. Be sure to use the pipe that fits your needs.
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