Physical state: Liquid
Smell: The smell of white spirit
Boiling Point Range: 145-250 º C,
Freezing Point: 200 º C (ASTM E-69).
Vapour pressure: 0.248 kPa @ 20 º C. Viscosity: 1:13 mm² / s (25 ° C),
Specific Gravity: 0.7750 - 0.7850 (20 º C)
The limits can be lit up in the air: 0.6% vol - 7% vol.
The average evaporation: 0:14 (ASTM 3539, nBuAc = 1).
solubility in water (20 º C): 0:10 wt%
Turpentine (English: turpentine) is a pale yellow liquid ingredients until chocolate is derived from processed sap of various pine (P. halepensis, maritima, cembra, palustris, etc.). In Indonesia, the sap derived from pine trees (Pinaceae merkusii). He shaped sticky mass (sticky) yellowish with the smell of balsam. The sap when distilled will produce minyat volatile (ie mixed with distilled water in the process) and other residues, such as rosin. How common in Indonesia for separating minyat turpentine and gondorukem is by way of steam distillation (distilled), that is by issuing turpentine oil along with water vapor, the remainder that is called gondorukem.
Turpentine oil in the paint trade is often called turpentine, containing a number of terpene (in the form of a good solvent for resins and rubber), for example pinene, silvestrena, and dipentena. Turpentine is obtained from Pistacia terebinthus China.
In Indonesia, a pine tree as a gum turpentine producers cultivated by the government, the forestry sector. The pine tree found in many area Aceh, Toba, and Central Java. Tapping of pine trees is also done under government supervision. Benefits of turpentine is widely used as an ingredient in oil paints, purest quality used for the benefit of pharmaceuticals, and the rest is used for rosin or gondorukem.